4 Essential Principles of Landscape and Garden Design to Follow

4 Essential Principles of Landscape and Garden Design to Follow

- in Garden

Never compare landscape and garden design to rocket science, because the former is definitely easier than the latter. However, don’t just safely assume that designing landscapes and gardens is as easy as pie. Note that there are still major differences between good and bad design.

Knowing about the key principles of landscape design will turn your guests’ expressions from “okay” to “Wow!” Here are four of the many essential principles of excellent landscape and garden design you should follow.


One of your main goals to achieving a good, if not a great garden design is to have unity. Another way to look at this principle is to achieve repetition and consistency. With the idea of repetition, it will create a unified presence in your lawn by replicating patterns and similar elements such as plant groups, rocks, décor, and certain plants. Repeating elements breeds consistency of design, and it will create unity and harmony in a sense that all the different elements of your garden will complement each other to form a look worthy of your neighbors’ jealous looks.


One of the primary challenges of beginner landscape and garden designers is it’s very tempting to go overboard with the design, simply because there are too many options that you can incorporate. Don’t forget to bring in simplicity into your garden as it’s one of the main principles you should apply. In fact, many photographers use this characteristic as one of their most important elements when looking for photo-worthy subjects. If you want to make your lawn the cover of a gardening magazine, then apply minimalism when designing your landscape.

Natural Transition

If you want to mix-and-match different design elements in your lawn or garden, then you need to find a way that each constituent naturally transitions to the next. Natural transition in a garden can make your landscape look like a work of art instead of a boring image of nothing but the color green. For instance, you can take advantage of the “step effect,” wherein you can use a scene with large trees to transition naturally to shrubs, bushes, and bedding plants.

Proper Balance

Balance is different than unity. Furthermore, when we’re talking about this topic in garden and landscape design, there are two types of balance to note: symmetrical and asymmetrical balance. For symmetrical balance for your garden, you can consider putting plants of the same height, groupings, bed shapes, theme, colors, and other characteristics on both sides of the landscape. As for asymmetrical balance, look for a natural way that the stones, trees, shrubs, paths, and plants coincide with each other despite their differences. You can also try placing tall plants on one side of the garden and short plants on the other. Know that achieving asymmetrical balance is a tougher challenge than producing a symmetrical garden.

There are still many principles you should consider when you want to achieve a magazine cover-worthy garden. Aside from doing all the tasks related to landscape and garden design by yourself, you can seek the assistance of professionals in the industry, like those found in Lisa Ellis Gardens.